If you’re looking for ways to actually apply metacognitive strategies to enhance learning outcomes, read this article. It’s a gold mine of information about how to recognize metacognitive errors and how to fix them. It discusses problems with learning as they apply specifically to study strategies. This is crucial in my classroom, because of the effect metacognitive skills can have on motivation. As Pierce explains, students attribute failure to their lack of ability, something they can’t change, rather than to their learning skills, which they can change. In addition, underachieving students then tend not to seek help from tutors and other support services because they believe it would not be worth their effort and to deliberately put little effort into their work so they can attribute their failure to lack of effort rather than lack of ability.
As I’ve seen in my classroom, learning metacognitive skills can improve results and lift students out of this self-defeating spiral.
Peirce, W. (2003, January 1). METACOGNITION:Study Strategies, Monitoring, and Motivation. METACOGNITION.